How IOS IPv6 ACLs handle ICMPv6 Neighbor Discovery messages

Traditional IPv4 ACLs are typically written as a sequence of permit statements that include an implicit deny clause as their last line. Although this implicit deny is also present on IOS IPv6 ACLs, there are some additional facts to be aware of:

  1. There are other implicit (permit) statements designed to allow two of the main Neighbor Discovery (ND) messages:  permit icmp any any nd-na (which handles Neighbor Advertisement messages) and permit icmp any any nd-ns (which takes cares of Neighbor Solicitation messages).
  2. If your environment requires Router Advertisement (RA) and Router Solicitation (RS) messages to be allowed, these lines will need to be configured explicitily (in the same way as the regular permits).
  3. In the event you add an explicit deny as the last line of the V6 ACL, this statement will take precedence over the implicit permits earlier described (for nd-na and nd-ns).

Now that you are aware of these characteristics of IPv6 ACLs with regards to Neighbor Discovery, don’t forget to add the following lines before the explicit deny (“deny ipv6 any any“):

     permit icmp any any nd-na

     permit icmp any any nd-ns

     permit icmp any any router-advertisement

     permit icmp any any router-solicitation

After all, as seen on a previous article, ND messages are necessary for the correct operation of IPv6 networks…

** Related Posts:

IPv6 Series: https://alexandremspmoraes.wordpress.com/tag/ipv6/

ACL Series: https://alexandremspmoraes.wordpress.com/tag/acl/

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Filed under English, Firewalls, IPv6, Security

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